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Health Librarianship

NLM Technical Bulletin, Mar-Apr2014, Terrence Sejnowski to Give the 2014 Joseph Leiter NLM/MLA Lecture, June 12, 2014

NLM Technical Bulletin - April 17, 2014 - 2:04pm
Terrence Sejnowski, PhD, will give the 2014 Joseph Leiter NLM/Medical Library Association (MLA) Lecture on Thursday, June 12, 2014, at 1:00 pm (ET) in the Lister Hill Center Auditorium at the National Library of Medicine. The lecture will be recorded and broadcast live on the Web at http://videocast.nih.gov.
Categories: Health Librarianship

NLM Technical Bulletin, Mar-Apr 2014, Updated Route of Administration Subset Available

NLM Technical Bulletin - April 17, 2014 - 2:03pm
An updated SNOMED CT Route of Administration Subset is now available for download.
Categories: Health Librarianship

NLM Technical Bulletin, Mar-Apr 2013, PubMed for Librarians: Free Online Classes Open for Registration [Editor's note added]

NLM Technical Bulletin - April 16, 2014 - 2:13pm
Additional May 2014 and August 2014 classes are available for registration.
Categories: Health Librarianship

Help Choose the MLA Leadership

The Krafty Librarian - April 16, 2014 - 10:42am

Do you know somebody who is innovative, inspiring, and basically would make a great leader within MLA?  Well time to step up and take action. The MLA Nominating Committee is identifying potential candidates for the 2014/15 election.  That means if you know of somebody you think would be good as a Board Member or President, then you need to submit their name (or yours), current current curriculum vitae and a paragraph outlining why the recommended person (or you) would be a good candidate.

This information must be sent to one of the members of the Nominating Committee (see below) by May 12th.

This is the perfect opportunity for you to help shape the future of MLA.

The 2014 Nominating Committee members have reviewed the job descriptions for President Elect/President/Past President and Board members, and have discussed key qualifications needed for candidates, including a person who has *broad experience within MLA, significant professional achievements,  a great capacity for leadership, a vision of the future of health sciences libraries, and an infectious enthusiasm for the excitement of librarianship at the present time*.  The Nominating Committee also discussed the importance of diversity in selecting the slate – key issues to consider are geographic region, library or information service type, and amount of experience.

Please read through the process for selecting candidates and electing the MLA president-elect and members of the MLA Board http://www.mlanet.org/members/pdf/2009_bylaws.pdf  (pages 2–3  MUST be MLA member and logged in to MLANET to read this document).

The slate will contain at least two candidates for president-elect (president during 2016/17) and at least four candidates for the two vacant board positions (2015–2018).

Job descriptions:

President http://www.mlanet.org/pdf/mla_officer_jobdesc_201002.pdf

Board members http://www.mlanet.org/pdf/mla_bod_jobdesc_200905.pdf

Remember, you need to submit by 12th because the Nominating Committee will meet at MLA ’14 to finalize the list of potential candidates.

Submit your candidates to the MLA 2014/2015 Nominating Committee:

  •  Jane Blumenthal, Chair – janeblum[at sign] umich [dot]edu
  •  Amy Blevins – blevinsamy[at sign] gmail [dot] com
  •  Jonathan Eldredge – jeldredge [at sign] salud.unm [dot] edu
  •  Susan Fowler – susanfowler.library [at sign] gmail [dot] com
  •  Mark E. Funk – mefunk [at sign] med.cornell [dot] edu
  •  Sally Gore – Sally.Gore [at sign] umassmed [dot] edu
  •  Heather N. Holmes – holmesh [at sign] summahealth [dot] org
  •  T. Scott Plutchak – tscott [at sign] uab [dot] edu
  •  James Shedlock -  jshedlock [at sign] rcn [dot] com
  •  Laurie L. Thompson – lauriethompson [at sign] ymail [dot] com
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Categories: Health Librarianship

Decision-making about complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients: integrative literature review

Open Medicine Articles - April 15, 2014 - 11:38am

 

Background: Patients with cancer consistently report conflict and anxiety when making decisions about complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment. To design evidence-informed decision-support strategies, a better understanding is needed of how the decision-making process unfolds for these patients during their experience with cancer. We undertook this study to review the research literature regarding CAM-related decision-making by patients with cancer within the context of treatment, survivorship, and palliation. We also aimed to summarize emergent concepts within a preliminary conceptual framework.

Methods: We conducted an integrative literature review, searching 12 electronic databases for articles published in English that described studies of the process, context, or outcomes of CAM-related decision-making. We summarized descriptive data using frequencies and used a descriptive constant comparative method to analyze statements about original qualitative results, with the goal of identifying distinct concepts pertaining to CAM-related decision-making by patients with cancer and the relationships among these concepts.

Results: Of 425 articles initially identified, 35 met our inclusion criteria. Seven unique concepts related to CAM and cancer decision-making emerged: decision-making phases, information-seeking and evaluation, decision-making roles, beliefs, contextual factors, decision-making outcomes, and the relationship between CAM and conventional medical decision-making. CAM decision-making begins with the diagnosis of cancer and encompasses 3 distinct phases (early, mid, and late), each marked by unique aims for CAM treatment and distinct patterns of information-seeking and evaluation. Phase transitions correspond to changes in health status or other milestones within the cancer trajectory. An emergent conceptual framework illustrating relationships among the 7 central concepts is presented.

Interpretation: CAM-related decision-making by patients with cancer occurs as a nonlinear, complex, dynamic process. The conceptual framework presented here identifies influential factors within that process, as well as patients’ unique needs during different phases. The framework can guide the development and evaluation of theory-based decision-support programs that are responsive to patients’ beliefs and preferences.

 

 

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Categories: Health Librarianship

Media release: Decision-making about complementary and alternative medicine by cancer patients: integrative literature review

Open Medicine Blog - April 15, 2014 - 6:41am

Open Medicine
A peer-reviewed, independent, open-access journal.

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

A new integrative literature review published today in Open Medicine looks at how patients dealing with cancer make decisions around incorporating complementary or alternative medicine (CAM) therapies into their treatment. The study appears online on Open Medicine.

“It's time for decision support programs to be integrated into standard care,” says study co-author Laura Weeks. “Patients have been asking for that.”

Indeed, at least half of cancer patients use complementary or alternative therapies—which cover the gamut from natural products to massage therapy to acupuncture. The present integrative literature review examined the processes, content and outcomes of CAM-related decision-making through a thorough literature review and analysis of how decisions around CAM get made.

“What we learned is that when patients are making decisions about complementary and alternative medicine, they don't distinguish--they just want to make health care decisions,” Weeks explains. “With that understanding, we can develop some programs to help people make those decisions.”

In fact, the researchers were able to identify seven distinct concepts relating to CAM decision-making and cancer: decision-making phases, information-seeking and evaluation, decision-making roles, beliefs, contextual factors, decision-making outcomes, and the relationship between CAM and conventional medical decision-making. They found that CAM decision-making is a non-linear, complex, dynamic process with distinct phases and influencing factors.

“Don't pretend patients are not using complementary and alternative medicine,” cautions Weeks. Rather, this review and analysis may open up honest discussions about CAM and evidence-based treatment between cancer patients and their healthcare providers, and provides a framework to help professionals to better support patients in making wise, informed, empowering choices that reflect the best available knowledge and their own preferences and beliefs. 

Laura Weeks, PhD, is a Senior Research Fellow at the Ottawa Integrative Cancer Centre, Ottawa, Ontario. Lynda G. Balneaves, RN PhD, is an Associate Professor in the School of Nursing at the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia. Charlotte Paterson, MSc, PhD, MBChB, MRCGP, is a Research Fellow in the School of Social and Community Medicine at the University of Bristol, Bristol, England. Marja Verhoef, PhD, is a Professor and Canada Research Chair in Complementary Medicine in the Department of Community Health at University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.

 

For more information please contact:
Laura Weeks,
T: 613-792-1222 x212
E:lweeks@oicc.ca

To register to receive e-mail updates or RSS feeds from Open Medicine, please visit: openmedicine.ca
< http://www.openmedicine.ca/>

Topics: media release; cancer; complementary and alternative medicine
Categories: Health Librarianship

Thinking smarter about complementary and alternative medicine

Open Medicine Blog - April 14, 2014 - 2:59pm

Coming on the heels of

(a)  The biggest study so far (not yet published; still in draft form) to show that homeopathy doesn’t work better than placebo; and

(b) Concern about the spread of measles in Canada, a resurgence apparently due to lack of sufficient vaccination to protect the population,

Our upcoming paper (stay tuned for it tomorrow) will be timely. It’s a literature review looking at how patients with cancer make decisions around the use of complementary and alternative treatments.

We know they (or we) are doing it. What we haven’t known is how, and when, and why. Tomorrow’s study aims to answer some of those questions.

The proportion of people with cancer who use some form of complementary or alternative therapy is huge, and the range of available complementary and alternative treatments and therapies is vast. The use of some is in fact supported by evidence, while others are pure snake oil. And the implications of selecting different ones (or choosing alternative treatments over conventional medical treatments) vary tremendously.

So why don’t most clinical settings provide adequate support to patients in making informed decisions about things they are going to make decisions about regardless?

Come back on Tuesday to find out how we might do a better job on that.

Topics: cancer; complementary and alternative medicine
Categories: Health Librarianship

NLM Technical Bulletin, Mar-Apr 2014, MedlinePlus Connect Supports ICD-10-CM Requests

NLM Technical Bulletin - April 14, 2014 - 11:31am
MedlinePlus Connect, a service for patient portals and electronic health record systems to link to patient-friendly and context-relevant information, now supports International Classification of Diseases, 10th edition, Clinical Modification queries.
Categories: Health Librarianship

Drug safety in the news

Open Medicine Blog - April 13, 2014 - 3:34pm

Open Medicine contributors Joel Lexchin and David Juurlink are both featured in Saturday's Toronto Star article on secrecy around Health Canada drug safety reviews. In fact, Dr. Lexchin's recent OM paper on drug recalls is particularly relevant to understanding trends in drug safety and review--and how confident we can be about prescribing or taking a new drug.

Topics: drug safety
Categories: Health Librarianship
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